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What is Civil and Commercial Litigation?


What is Civil and Commercial Litigation?: Legal issues can be tricky to understand. When you have to deal with such issues, it’s best to consult with a lawyer. First, let’s talk about what civil and commercial litigation is.

What is Civil and Commercial Litigation?

Civil Litigation

It involves individuals but does not involve criminal charges or the penalties that come with those charges. Civil litigation cases occur when a plaintiff is asking for financial compensation from the defendant. The financial compensation could be used to cover medical bills, loss of wages, emotional turmoil, and more. Sometimes a trial is necessary for a civil litigation case to be resolved.

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In a civil litigation case, a lawyer needs to meet the preponderance of evidence standard. So, they must have enough convincing evidence to get a judge or jury to side with them over their opponent. This is different from criminal trials where the standard of proof is a lot more strict, and lawyers in criminal trials have to prove their case beyond a reasonable doubt.

Common Types

There are different types of disputes that fall under civil litigation, including:

  • Landlord and tenant disputes
  • Property battles
  • Medical malpractice cases
  • Lawsuits surrounding divorce

These are not the only types of civil litigation disputes.

Commercial Litigation

It follows the same process as civil litigation. Commercial litigation involves businesses. In commercial litigation cases, the issues tend to be very specialized and complex, both in facts and legality. Many commercial litigation cases are filed in the federal court system, not the state courts. These cases can be class action or multi-district litigation that can take years. Commercial litigation can be more expensive than litigation because of the costs of discovery.


The following are different types of commercial litigation:

  • Antitrust
  • Bad Faith
  • Breach of contract
  • Class actions
  • Insurance coverage
  • Product liability
  • Tax disputes

This is a small list of the most common types of disputes that arise in commercial litigation.

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Wrap Up

Getting an experienced legal team will help you succeed with your civil or commercial litigation case. A good lawyer knows how to tailor your case to fit your personal needs and the needs of your litigation. The lawyer you hire should have courtroom and trial experience so that they can navigate the complexity of your case. You can find this information on our website.

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