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Silk Route – Meaning & History
The Silk Route was a historic business route. That is dated from the second century B.C. until the 14th century A.D. It is made from Asia to the Mediterranean. Travel across or through the countries like China, India, Persia, Arabia, Greece, and Italy.
It was dubbed the Silk Route. Because of the heavy silk trading that took place during that period. This valuable fabric was originated in China. It is initially had the seller faces no competition on silk production.
Until the secrets of its creation are spread. In addition to silk, the route makes easier the trade of other fabrics, spices, grains, fruits and vegetables, animal hides, wood, and metalwork. The precious stones, and other items of value.
In the year 2013, China announced many plans it would restore to life the Silk Route. Connecting it with more than 60 countries in the places of Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.
Understanding the Silk Route
The Silk Route was a series of ancient trade networks. That is connected to China and the Far East with the countries in Europe and the Middle East. The route included a group of trading posts. The markets were used to help in the storage, transport, and also exchange of goods. It was also known as the Silk Road.
Travelers have used camel or horse caravans. They stayed in the guesthouses. The inns typically spaced one day’s travel apart. Travelers along the Silk Route’s connected with the sea routes.
That could stop at ports for fresh drinking water and also trade opportunities. Many Archaeologists and geographers are pursuing research on ancient sites. Those have been the Silk Route’s most modern travelers.
The opening of the Silk Route brought many products. It would have a big impact on the West. Many of these commodities had their roots in the place of China and are included gunpowder and paper.
These became some of the most traded goods between China. Also its Western trading partners. Paper was especially important. Like it, in the end, led to the invention of the printing press. It gave way to the newspapers and books.
There has been a push by China to reopen the Silk Route. To improve cooperation among many of the countries in Asia, Africa, and Europe.
The original Silk Route was established during the Han Dynasty by Zhang Quian. He was a Chinese official and also a diplomat. During a diplomatic mission, Quian was captured and keep in official custody for around 13 years. On his first promptness before escaping. Also for pursuing the other routes from China to Central Asia.
The Silk Route was popular during the Tang Dynasty. From the time of 618 to 907 A.D. Many of the Travelers could choose among a number of land and sea paths to reach their destination. The routes are developed gradually along with the territorial boundaries. The changes in national leadership.
The Silk Route was a means to exchange goods and cultures. It also served in the development of Science, Technology, Literature, the Arts, and other fields of study.
The Silk Route also helped many of the missions by Buddhists. The European monks and was the policy in spreading Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism. Also the other religions throughout the regions served by the routes.
Reviving the Silk Route
In the year 2013, China started to officially restore the historic Silk Route. Under President Xi Jinping with a price of $900 billion. The strategy was called “One Belt, One Road”.
Also means OBOR. The project was a way to improve China’s interconnectivity. With more than 60 other countries in the places of Asia, Europe, and East Africa.
It is also known as the Belt and Road Initiative. Means BRI. It travels across numerous land and sea routes. The Silk Road Economic Belt is mainland-based to connect China with Central Asia, Eastern Europe, and also Western Europe.
But the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road is sea-based. Connecting China’s southern coast to the places of Mediterranean, Africa, South-East Asia, and Central Asia.
China views the undertaking a risky as an important way to improve its domestic growth. It also serves as a way to open up new trade markets for Chinese goods. Giving country the cheapest and also easiest way to export the materials and goods.
China has passed several milestones that are related to the OBOR. Including the signing of hundreds of deals since the year 2016. In the year January 2017, a new rail service using the East Wind freight train. This was introduced from Beijing to London along the historic route.
Passing beneath the English Channel to reach the place of London. The 16- to 18-day journey, That is traveling nearly 7,500 miles. Allows the freight shippers an alternative to slow. But relatively cheap water routes. The fast but relatively expensive air routes. Other key OBOR routes to go from China to 14 other major European cities.
So, this is important information on the topic of the Silk Route. Here I have mentioned the Meaning, Understanding, History, and also the Reviving of the Silk Route.
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