Full-stack development is all about creating applications from initiating them to the end.
We come across web/mobile applications, we get impressed with how it works. You might have come across applications that can remind you of drinking water at some definite period according to your weight, height, age, etc.
There are applications for eCommerce, banking, insurance, grocery, movies, entertainment, and every other thing. And they work so well that you undoubtedly rely on them for your tasks.
Today every company has its applications to provide better and personalized services to their customers, thereby improving their customer base. This is why full-stack developers are in demand all over the world. Moreover, due to the shortage of available talent pools, they are paid greatly.
Professionals are looking to make their careers in this domain because it is highly in-demand, and pays well. Eventually, there is a surge in the number of professionals going with full-stack development courses such that they can get certified and have their careers as full-stack developers.
Let us have a look at what full-stack development is all about and how you can become one.
Who is a Full-Stack Developer?
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Use case: Consider an application Facebook. Every time you press refresh, the latest content is loaded and the news feed and new notifications appear. It allows you to like the picture, forward it, save the videos to watch later, search for friends, and many other things. This seamless experience makes you happy with the interactivity of the application but can you think about what happens behind the scenes?
HyperText Transmit Protocol (HTTP) requests are sent to Facebook servers and new information is loaded and retrieved. And all this is facilitated by backend frameworks.
So, an application has a front-end, specifically designed for the users, the back-end that consists of all the working of the front-end, and a database where both sides are integrated.
A Full-Stack Developer is responsible for building every aspect of an application, from start to finish. As a full-stack developer, you have to build the application completely along with making sure that it is reliable, efficient, and includes other crucial features as well.
Skills Required to Become a Full-Stack Developer
To design the front-end you need to have a sound knowledge of front-end frameworks that include:
HTML or HyperText Markup Language
HTML is something that is most crucial for designing the front-end. With expertise in HTML, you can design the appearance of images, text, and other graphics on the screen. It allows you to format the text like paragraphs, headings, pop-ups, buttons, etc. it consists of tags that give specific meaning to the text in the document.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
It allows you to style and alter different web components for size, font, spacing, margins, etc. With expertise in CSS, you can make the content on your webpage more attractive.
So, you have to be proficient in any of these tools.
Now, to work behind the scenes, you are required to work with the back-end. So, you need to have an in-depth understanding of Backend Technologies and Frameworks as well.
Java, specifically designed to be executed on the server-side, is essential to learn. Some of its crucial frameworks include Java Server faces and Spring.
How can we talk about back-end programming without discussing Python? It is one of the most widely used programming languages around the world for server-side development. Python frameworks like Flask and Django are used for back-end development. A high-level Python framework, Django, is used for the rapid development of websites. Apart from being free and open-source, it has a huge active community of users.
C# is another popular programming language used in back-end development. So, expertise in this language can be an added advantage.
Other languages that can help you in server-side development are PHP, Ruby, and Perl.
Database Management Systems
You are required to be a master in some of the popular database management systems such as MySQL and DBMS, PostgreSQL and SQL SERVER, Oracle, and MongoDB databases.
Web Hosting Platforms
With web hosting platforms, you can deploy your products on any cloud service provider so that they can be accessed from the WWW. Some popular cloud platforms include Google Cloud Platform, Amazon Web Services, Heroku, and Microsoft Azure.
Version Control System
With version control systems, you can manage the project files and keep track of the entire user tasks history. Some of the popular VCSs that you can learn are Git, Github, and Subversion.
The most important soft skills required for web development are:
- Strategic Planning
- Analytical Thinking
- Time Management Skills
- Problem-solving skills
Responsibilities of a Full Stack Developer
The primary responsibilities of a full-stack developer are:
Development of front-end
Developing the back-end of an application
You must be able to develop the back-end which is robust such that it can fetch data from servers.
Creating servers and databases
You must create such systems that are resilient to outages and can function endlessly.
Based on the application architecture, you are responsible for creating APIs. These APIs are tasked with fetching data from the server.
Meet the technical and consumer requirements
You should build responsive applications to meet customer applications and keep them engaged.
Full-stack development is a milestone in the IT sector. Full-stack developers are versatile and are preferred over other specialists. It is a role that manifests superlative IT skills, versatility and is in great demand across all the industries. Some of the important benefits of Full-Stack development are attractive salaries, guaranteed career growth, and great perks.
The median annual salary of a full-stack developer in the US is around USD 75,000; while that in India is INR 6 lacs.
If you have decided to become a full-stack developer and are looking for ways of becoming one, here is a one-stop solution: an online training course.
You can go with an online training course and get hassle-free training with real-life projects.
Enroll yourself now!