RTI Full Form: of the Right to Information Act, or RTI, is a groundbreaking law in India that strives to increase transparency in government organizations.
The Act was passed in 2005 as a result of anti-corruption activists’ tireless work.
It is referred to as revolutionary since it exposes government institutions to public scrutiny. A common guy can demand information from any government agency if he is familiar with RTI. The organization must produce the information, and it must do so within 30 days, or the officer would face a monetary fine.
When did I get started?
What is the RTI full form and RTI Act Passed
The RTI Act was passed by the Indian Parliament on June 15, 2005. The Act went into effect on October 12, 2005, and has since been used to deliver information to millions of Indian individuals. This Act encompasses all constitutional authorities, making it one of the most powerful laws in the country.
The accompanying Q&A will assist you in becoming acquainted with the Act and how to apply it.
1. How can I submit an RTI?
RTI filing is something that every Indian should be aware of.
The filing of an RTI is a simple and painless process.
Write the application (or have it typed, whichever you want) on a piece of paper in English/Hindi/the state’s official language. RTI applications in some states must follow a specific format. It should be sent to the department’s PIO (Public Information Officer).
Make specific inquiries. Make sure they’re clear and full, and that they’re not at anyway unclear.
Include your full name, contact information, and the address to which you would like the information/response to your RTI sent.
For your records, make a photocopy of the application. If you’re sending the application via mail, it’s best to send it registered mail so that you may get a confirmation that it was received. Remember to get an acknowledgement from the PIO if you’re submitting the application in person.
Here are some key points:
The Act is so user-friendly that if an illiterate individual approaches a PIO and requests information under the RTI Full Form Right to Information Act, RTI the officer is required to write it down for them and read it to them before processing the request.
The application does not have to be written on a blank sheet of paper. If your written text is readable, even a crumpled, worn, ripped piece of paper will suffice.
Prior to the RTI Act, only members of Parliament were allowed to request information from the government.
If you are afraid to send your RTI application by mail and are unable to take time off work to contact the PIO in question, you can go to your local post office and submit your application to the assistant PIO. Many APIs have been appointed by the Postal Service across its many offices. Their responsibility is to receive RTI requests and forward them to the appropriate PIO or appellate authority.
2. How can I submit an RTI online?
Currently, only the federal government and a few state governments offer the ability to file RTIs online. There are, however, a number of independent websites that allow you to submit your application online. They charge you a little fee in exchange for drafting your application and sending it to the appropriate department. This is equivalent to sending an RTI application without having to deal with the details.
RTIs can be filed from anywhere in India. It takes about 5 minutes to file an RTI with us. Thousands of government agencies across the country are covered by our experts’ RTI full form (Right to Information Act) filing knowledge.
3.Which government agencies are obligated by the RTI Act to provide RTI information?
The Act applies to all government entities, whether they are under the control of a state government or the federal government. Municipal corporations, PSUs (Public Sector Units), government departments, ministries at the state and federal levels, the judiciary, government-owned businesses, government universities, government schools, works departments, road authorities, and the Provident Fund Department, to name a few examples. The list is pretty comprehensive.
You can inquire about a government’s spending on renovations to its ministers’ bungalows, as well as their telephone and fuel bills. You can also inquire about the amount spent on foreign travels by MLAs and MPs.
You have the right to inquire about how much of the money given to your elected representatives was spent on improving their constituency, and you have the right to get a breakdown of the amount paid by the project. Because it is taxpayer money that is being spent here, this RTI information is available.
Only a few ministries and departments make public rti responses available online. They are available on the appropriate websites.
RTI covers governments and their ministries and local organizations like your municipal corporation or gram panchayat. RTI information must be provided by the police, passport office, electricity/water supply company, and even the IRCTC.
We can obtain copies of government documents such as records, advice/opinions, reports, papers, and file notings through the RTI full form (Right to Information Act) process. Even electronic conversations and data must be made available to citizens in response to an RTI request. We can also go to the department’s office and view their records and documents; if the RTI information is particularly large, photocopies, certified copies, printouts, and other options are available.
4. Which departments of the government are exempt from the Act?
RTI does not apply to twenty-odd organizations. RAW, BSF, CRPF, CISF, Intelligence Bureau, National Security Guard, and others are all associated with the country’s defense and intelligence.
Furthermore, there are several cases in which RTI information cannot be provided. These examples concern issues such as:
It would have a negative impact on national security, sovereignty, strategic, economic, and/or scientific interests.
Concerns about trade secrets or intellectual property, as well as information that could affect or undermine a third party’s competitive position.
- Concerns information shared in a fiduciary relationship.
- Has to do with foreign government data.
- Would jeopardise anyone’s life or physical safety.
- Would have an impact on the investigating process.
- Cabinet papers are mentioned.
- Concerns about personal information that isn’t of public interest.
RTI law, on the other hand, states that any information that can’t be denied to a member of Parliament or a state legislature can’t be denied to a citizen.
5. How can RTI be used to tackle personal issues?
Submit an RTI application asking sharp questions, whether it’s a never-ending delay in passport dispatch or police dithering in providing you with a copy of an FIR you may have filed. This is most likely the start of the end of your problems. Income tax return, pension release, PF withdrawal or transfer, Aadhaar card release, or issuing of property documents or a driver’s license are all pending. In any of these scenarios—or other issues involving a government agency—using the RTI full form (Right to Information Act) tool will guarantee you an official response, on which you can build a case if your problem isn’t resolved.
A citizen has the right to inquire about the reasons for the delay in receiving government services. For instance, if you have applied for a passport but have yet to receive it. RTI can then be used to answer the following questions:
- Please update me on the status of my passport application on a daily basis.
- Please supply the names of the officials who have been dealing with my application during this time.
- Please notify me, in accordance with your citizen’s charter, of the time frame in which I should have received my passport.
In the vast majority of cases, the issue is resolved. In this manner, you can use RTI to resolve a variety of other ongoing matters, particularly those involving bribes.
6. How may RTI be used to address community issues?
You can utilize RTI to persuade the government to act on a problem in your community if you believe the facilities aren’t up to par or if you see the government-owned property in poor shape.
For example, if a road is in poor condition, you could ask the following questions:
- How much has been spent on road development in the last three years?
- How did the funds get spent?
- Please fax or email a copy of the orders.
7. How do you use RTI to solve problems?
Which personal issues can RTI help with?
- An income tax return is pending.
- Withdrawal of PF is postponed
- PF Transfer Delay
- Passport Delay
- Aadhar card that has been delayed
- IRCTC Refund Delay
- Answer papers duplicates
- Occupancy/Completion Certificates and other property documents
- The status of the FIR
- The current status of a complaint
- The EPF’s Current Situation
- Scholarship Delay
8. Which social issues may be addressed by RTI?
Repair potholes in the road
- Carry out a social audit of government-funded projects
- Find out how your MP/MLA spent the money that was given to him.
- Understand how a certain government project or program was implemented
9. How effective is the RTI Act, and how does it vary from other anti-corruption legislation?
When it comes to RTI, there are multiple watchdogs at work to ensure that the Act is followed to the letter and spirit. In addition to establishing a method for disseminating information, the Act used a “perform or perish” strategy.
Every government agency must appoint one employee to serve as a public information officer (PIO). When a department receives an RTI request, the PIO is responsible for providing the requested information to the applicant within 30 days. If the PIO fails to comply, a monetary penalty may be applied. The greater the penalty imposed on an applicant by a PIO, the longer he or she must wait. There have been cases where PIOs have been asked to pay fines in the hundreds of rupees.
Every state has an Information Commission, which is led by a Chief Information Commissioner and consists of a few other commissioners. The government appoints former judges, IAS, and IPS personnel with flawless records to these positions. The Central Information Commission is above them in the hierarchy, and first and second appellate authorities are below them to ensure that an applicant receives the RTI information he or she has sought.
10. How long does it take to receive an RTI response?
RTI information must be delivered within 30 days, according to the law. Government records, on the other hand, can be missing or be misplaced. Alternatively, the agency you’ve written to may need to coordinate with another department to give you the
information you require. In such cases, it is possible that the information will take longer than 30 days to arrive. In this scenario, the PIO responsible must notify you in writing of the potential delay and its reason. If he or she fails to do so and you do not obtain the information within 30 days, the PIO may face a penalty if the matter is referred to appellate authorities.
11. How much does it cost to request information under the RTI?
Every RTI application must be accompanied by a fee of Rs. 10 for federal government departments. Payment methods may differ from one government to the next. Some organisations take cash when completing an application in person, while others do not. Some request a Court Fee Stamp, while others request an Indian postal order (IPO). We can use an Rs. 10 IPO/court fee stamp when mailing an RTI application.
Those living below the poverty level (BPL) do not have to pay a charge of Rs. 10 to file an RTI.
If you’ve requested copies of some records from the government, you’ll have to pay Rs. 2 per page. You will receive notification by mail after the office receives your request and determines the amount you will need to pay for copying. You can pay by sending a postal order, a court fee stamp, or a demand draught for the specified amount.
12. Is the RTI Act different in each state?
The federal government enacted the RTI full form (Right to Information Act) Laws and is applicable in all states except Jammu and Kashmir, which has its own Act that is very similar to the federal Act.
Each state has supplemented the central Act with state-specific laws governing RTI fees, modes of payment, RTI application forms, and, in certain cases, a limit on the number of words or questions that can be submitted.
We’ve summarised the rules of various states in the table below, along with a link to a copy of each rule.