What is Article 30 Of The Indian Constitution?: Hi, Friends Today I am going to share some interesting information on the topic of What is Article 30 Of The Indian Constitution.
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What is Article 30 of the Indian Constitution?
Article 30 of the Indian Constitution:
Article 30 of the Indian Constitution states the right of minorities. To establish and also administer the educational institutions.
It says: “All the minorities, whether based on religion or language. Shall have the right to establish and also to administer the educational institutions of their choice.”
When was Article 30 adopted?
Article 30 was adopted on the year of December 8, 1948.
The Features of Article 30 of the Indian Constitution
Article 30 of the Indian constitution has consisted of provisions that safeguard. On various rights of the minority community in the country. Keeping in mind the principle of equality as well.
Article 30(1) says that all minorities, whether based on religion or language. They shall have the right to establish and also to administer the educational institutions of their choice.
Article 30(1A) deals with the fixation of the amount for the learning of property of any educational institution. That is established by the minority groups.
Article 30(2) states that the government should not discriminate against any educational institution. On the ground that it is under the management of a minority. Whether it is based on religion or language while giving on aid.
The debate around Article 30
On the year of December 8, 1948, the Constituent Assembly debated the need to make the information known that primary education is one’s mother tongue. One of the members of the Assembly moved an amendment.
To restrict the scope of this article to linguistic minorities. He argued that a secular state should not recognize minorities that are based on religion.
Another member of the Assembly proposed to guarantee linguistic minorities. The fundamental right to receive primary education in their language and also script. He was concerned about the status of the minority languages. Even in regions that had a significant minority population.
The Constituent Assembly rejected the proposals.
What is Article 29 of the Indian Constitution?
Both Article 29 and Article 30 guarantee certain rights to the minorities. Article 29 protects the interests of the minorities. By making a provision that any citizen or section of citizens having a different language, script, or culture. But that has the right to conserve the same. Article 29 mandates that no discrimination would be done on the ground of religion, race, caste, language, or any of them.
The Concept of Minority in the Indian Constitution
While Article 30 and Article 29 of the Constitution do not specify ‘minorities’ in India. It is classified into religious minorities and also linguistic minorities.
The Religious Minorities in India
The basic ground for a community to be nominated as a religious minority. It is the numerical strength of the community. For example, in India, Hindus are the majority community. India is a multi-religious country. India becomes important for the government to conserve and also to protect the religious minorities of the country.
Section 2, clause (c) of the National Commission of Minorities Act. Declares the six communities as minority communities. They are:
The Linguistic Minorities
The Class or group of people whose mother language or mother tongue is different. From that of the majority, groups are known as the Linguistic minorities. The Constitution of India protects the interest of these Linguistic minorities.
The Supreme Court decision of Article 30
In a judgment that was delivered in the Secretary of Malankara Syrian Catholic College case in the year 2007. The Honorable Supreme Court said that the right grant to minority communities. Under section Article 30 is only to ensure equality with the majority. Not intended to place the minorities in a more advantageous position.
There is no proof of the unconstitutional favor of minorities. Regarding the general laws of the land that are relating to national security, national interest, public order, social welfare, taxation, health, sanitation, and also morality, etc. This is applicable to all, will equally apply to the minority institutions also.
So it is found that no article 30A exists in the Indian Constitution. The social media posts are also totally baseless. This seems an action of plotting to damage the good reputation of the holy Indian Constitution.
So, this is important information on the topic of What is Article 30 Of The Indian Constitution. Here I have mentioned the Meaning, Features, debate, Meaning of article 29, Concept of Minority in the Indian Constitution, Religious minorities, Linguistic minorities, and also the Supreme Court decision of Article 30.
Every citizen of India should learn the concept and meaning of article 30. It is clearly mentioned here that all are equal in caste, creed, color. The language is different because of different states. There is no prohibition also it is clear that no provision under Article 30 talks about teaching the Bhagavad Gita or the Quran in schools.
If any Queries or Questions is persisting then, please comment on the viewpoints.
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