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Elon Musk’s Space X Falcon 9 Tear A Hole In The Atmosphere
With the more launches of the Rockets than Russia last year, Elon Musk’s rocket company which is called SpaceX is making waves in the year 2017. It also tears a hole in the ionosphere.
Many Scientists have determined that the launch of the company’s Falcon 9 rocket on the month August. 24 punching a short hole into a layer of the Earth’s atmosphere nearly about 560 miles wide.
While the effect is not permanent, here is how the rocket is impacting the ionosphere and what it means as humans are move forwarding with a space flight.
The Ionosphere is the layer of our planet’s upper atmosphere between the distance 75 km and 1000 km or between 46 and 621 miles, where the sun’s energy and cosmic radiation ionise the atoms. The solar and cosmic rays strip molecules in the area of one or a more of their electrons, giving them a positive charge and leaving the electrons to act as the free particles.
It is the part of the atmosphere, where auroras are occurring. It overlaps the mesosphere, thermosphere, and an exosphere.
The Ionosphere is essential because of the concentration of the ions and free electrons allowing it to reflect into radio waves. It facilitates radio communications across a distant point on the Earth as well as between satellites and Earth.
During the day, the X-rays and UV light from the sun are providing energy that continuously knocks electrons from the atoms, creating ions and a free particle.
These separate particles are continually colliding, recombining, and becoming electrically neutral atoms again. So at night, without the energy from the sun, more particles are combined than are ionising and the ionosphere shrinks. While the cosmic radiation is still affecting this part of the atmosphere, only the atoms at the upper portion continue to be ionising.
During the SpaceX launch
Rather than fighting the force of gravity to fly on straight up into the sky, the rockets usually take a curving trajectory and travel nearly parallel to the planet’s surface at about 80 or 100 km above the Earth. It allows the space crafts to carry the more extensive and a more massive object into the orbit than it is physically possible with a vertical flight path.
For the Formosat-5 mission, SpaceX fly in the year August 2017; the Falcon 9 rocket is carrying an Earth observation satellite for Taiwan’s National Space Organization that weighing just 475 kg which is a light payload for the Falcon 9.
Since the satellite is light enough, the rocket takes a nearly vertical path into space. It is causing the Falcon 9 booster and also the second stage to create circular shockwaves and punch the large hole through the plasma of the ionosphere. The 559-mile gap is lasting for up to three hours.
Is this a problem
The hole which is causing the SpaceX launch is only temporary, but as the commercial rockets take more and more satellites into the orbit, the disruptions in the ionosphere happen more often. The Private space companies are receiving $3.9 billion in private investment during the year 2017, and the industry is projecting to be value nearly $3 trillion in the year 2040.
One effect of this growth and an increasing number of the rockets tearing through the atmosphere makes errors in the global position system (GPS) navigation, many scientists say.
When the Falcon 9’s second stage rocket is burning through the plasma in the ionosphere and creating the hole about 13 minutes after the launch, it is likely to cause about a one-meter error in the GPS programs, according to a paper in a Space Weather.
The lead author of the study, Charles C. H. Lin from the National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan, describing that a rocket launch like a small volcano is erupting, unloading energy into the middle and upper atmosphere in a way that is comparable to what we see from a magnetic storm.
Currently, the impact from a single launch is remaining relatively insignificant
Without considering the launching of a Rockets that effects, there are some errors from the ionosphere, troposphere, and also other factors that are producing up to 20-meter errors or more, he tells Ars Technica.
But the effect will grow as the space technology continues to develop
The Humans are entering an era that the rocket launching is becoming usual and a frequent due to a reducing cost through the reusable rockets, says, Lid. Meanwhile, the humans are developing more powerful missiles to send cargoes to the other planets. These two factors are gradually affecting the middle and upper atmosphere more, and that is worthwhile to pay some attention to it.
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